**Fourth Quarter Essential Skills**

**Readers...**

- Figure out unfamiliar words by using what you know about two sounds of the letter c, multi-syllable words ending in –er, and –le, words beginning with a- and be-, contractions, and dividing words in syllables
- Read and understand plays and skits
- Take part in acting out skits or other dramatic presentations
- Distinguish between facts and opinions (find examples in the text)
- Check out facts, ideas, and concepts by comparing them to personal experiences and information found in texts
- Research a topic by developing guiding questions and exploring a variety of resources (articles, internet, reference books, and interviews of people)

**Writers...**

__Write a variety of different types of texts including skits and short reports by choosing either the topic or type of writing, write short reports____Focus:__*Explain to whom you are writing, for what purpose, and why you decided to use the selected form of writing

*Stick to the topic when writing by including the main ideas and using prewriting plans__Organization:__*Come up with own ideas for topics to write about and plan before writing

*Compose 2 or more paragraphs with appropriate, logical sequence__Support and Elaboration:__*Write 2 or more paragraphs with enough details to help the reader clearly understand the topic__Style:__*Reread own writing and make it better by using better words (precise nouns)__Conventions:__*Read back over own writing and check spelling using classroom resources (dictionaries, glossaries, word walls)

*Reread own writing and look for mistakes in spelling, capitalization, and punctuation

*Use computers or other keyboarding tools to write

*Use handwriting (cursive) that others can easily read

*Write book titles using capital letters to begin all important words and underline the title

**Mathematicians...**

__Develop fluency with multi-digit addition and subtraction through 9,999 using:__*Strategies for adding and subtracting numbers__Develop fluency with multiplication from 1x1 to 12x12 and division up to two-digit by one-digit numbers using:__*Strategies for multiplying and dividing numbers__Use area and region models and set models of fractions to explore part-whole relationships__*Represent fractions concretely and symbolically (halves, fourths, thirds, sixths, eighths)

*Compare and order fractions (halves, fourths, thirds, sixths, eighths) using models and benchmark numbers (zero, one-half, one), describe comparisons

*Model and describe common equivalents, especially relationships among halves, fourths, and eighths, and thirds and sixths

*Understand that fractional relationships that occur between zero and one also occur between every two consecutive whole numbers

* Understand and use mixed numbers and their equivalent fraction forms__Develop flexibility in solving problems by selecting strategies and using mental computation, estimation, calculators or computers, and paper and pencil____Solve problems using measurement concepts and procedures involving:__*Equivalent measures within the same measurement system__Estimate and measure using appropriate units__*Length (miles, kilometers)

*Mass (ounces, pounds, grams, kilograms)

*Temperature (Fahrenheit and Celsius)__Use appropriate vocabulary to compare, describe, and classify two- and three-dimensional figures____Use a rectangular coordinate system to solve problems__*Graph and identify points with whole numbers and/or letter coordinates

*Describe the path between given points on the plane__Determine the number of permutations and combinations of up to three items__