**Third Quarter Essential Skills**

**Readers...**

- Figure out unfamiliar words by using what you know about vowel patterns air, ough, oo, possessives, and changing y to i when adding suffixes
- Figure out what words mean by applying the meanings of the prefix (re-) and the suffixes (-ful, -ing, -less, -ness)
- Understand story elements: conflict, resolution, author’s purpose, main idea and supporting details, sequence, cause and effect, and lesson or message
- Find similarities and differences in events, characters, and ideas within a story and between different stories
- Identify the main character’s point of view and/or the author’s point of view
- Make inferences and draw conclusions about characters and events

**Writers...**

__Write a variety of different types of texts including simple narratives by choosing either the topic or type of writing____Focus:__*Tells a story by either writing or speaking

*Explain to whom you are writing, for what purpose, and why you decided to use the selected form of writing

*Stick to the topic when writing by using prewriting plans__Organization:__*Come up with own ideas for topics to write about and plan before writing

*Reread own writing and may revise by changing the order of the events or ideas__Support and Elaboration:__*Reread own writing and make it better by combining short, related sentences for elaboration__Style:__*Reread own writing and make it better by combining short, related sentences for sentence fluency__Conventions:__

*Spell words correctly using vowel pairs that you have studied

*Speak and write sentences where the verb matches the subject (i.e., he runs, not he run)

*Use handwriting (printing and some cursive) that others can easily read.

**Mathematicians...**

__Develop number sense for whole numbers through 9,999:__*Build understanding of place value (ones through thousands)

*Compare and order__Develop fluency with multi-digit addition and subtraction through 9,999 using:__*Strategies for adding and subtracting numbers__Develop fluency with multiplication from 1x1 to 12x12 and division up to two-digit by one-digit numbers using:__*Strategies for multiplying and dividing numbers

*Estimation of products and quotients in appropriate situations

*Relationships between operations__Use basic properties (identity, commutative, associative, order of operations) for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division____Use area and region models and set models of fractions to explore part-whole relationships__*Represent fractions concretely and symbolically (halves, fourths, thirds, sixths, eighths)__Develop flexibility in solving problems by selecting strategies and using mental computation, estimation, calculators or computers, and paper and pencil____Solve problems using measurement concepts and procedures involving:__*Elapsed time__Collect, organize, analyze, and display data (including circle graphs and tables) to solve problems____Determine the number of permutations and combinations of up to three items____Solve probability problems using permutations and combinations____Algebra:__

*Describe and extend numeric and geometric patterns

*Use symbols to represent unknown quantities in number sentences

*Find the value of the unknown in a number sentence